This plant is a definite must for gardeners wanting to attract hummingbirds into their garden. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. It can grow and bloom quite effectively in shade or as an understory plant. Back in ancient Egypt, it became known as a divine herb that was believed to come from the tears of the goddess Isis when she wept over the death of the god Osiris. Presently there are three very popular varieties,in Trinidad, a bright scarlet red "cuspidatum", ( there are two red forms one that is crested and one that is not ), purple (callistachyum), and lilac. As I often mention, inflammation is at the root of most diseases. In terms of horticulture, Trinidad boasts several beautiful species that are well-known internationally. Where does it grow? (3), The aerial portions (above-ground plant parts) of Verbena officinalis are used for medicinal purposes. 5 out of 5 stars (4,715) 4,715 reviews $ 3.95. Benefits, Uses, Substitutes & More, Bay Leaf Benefits for Digestion, Wounds and Diabetics, Cherimoya Fruit for Digestion, Eye Health & More, Homemade Detox Drinks: 5 Major Health Benefits, Including Weight Loss. The vervain flower can bloom light blue to purple flowers, but some vervain will bloom with pink or white flowers. A decoction of ``some' ' leaves of the vervine plant is gi ven to dogs to achieve milk let-down. TECOMARIA CAPENSIS- This plant is commonly referred to as Cape honeysuckle (as it originates out of South Africa). It may also interact with hormone therapy. The larger forms are also quite popular for tall hedges and can even be used for topiaries. Let’s take a look at how traditional medicine has used vervain through the years, as well as what scientific studies have revealed about its medicinal powers to date. The test group also rinsed their mouths with the vervain mouthwash. This particular variety grows approximately six to seven feet and is always in bloom. But, as you can see, research has actually backed up many of its historical uses. In other words the perpetuation of the natural balance where possible. (19). The most popular and robust variety is brilliant orange in colour. This plant could be used quite effectively in landscaping as it is versatile; it can tolerate both dry and damp soil as well as shady or sunny conditions. Brilliant vermillion flowers, the colour of the blooms on this plant is fairly uncommon and really makes a show. If you want to create some "old-time charm" complete with butterflies in your garden this should be a definite must. Most ancient cultures regard nature and man as having an organic relationship, while some view human beings as stewards of nature. Apart from their aesthetic appeal it makes good sense to have such creatures in a garden. One of vervain’s top benefits is its ability to decrease inflammation both externally and internally. All Rights Reserved. Both hummingbirds and butterflies find this plant attractive but unfortunately bachacs find it irresistable. MARIGOLDS - Both hybrid as well as traditional varieties of marigolds make an attractive show. Forgot account? Bush medicines were used by 42% of patients surveyed and were used for diabetes by 24%. Dr. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world...Sign up to get VIP access to his eBooks and valuable weekly health tips for FREE! The leaves of this herb are saw-toothed and hairy, and it produces small white to purple flowers on delicate spikes. and as responsible citizens we should all try our best to preserve this natural heritage and patrimony. It normally comes in green foliage or brown foliage with lovely, bright orange flowers. by Cyndi Brannen | Nov 1, 2020. Not only is it beautiful, and for me typifies a very tropical landscape, but also attracts nectar-loving birds, butterflys and bees. RUSSELIA / ANTIGUA HEATH - Predominant varieties are red and yellow. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. I would recommend this to anyone wanting to attract hummingbirds or any nectar-loving bird such as sucrier or even butterflies. Unfortunately, they are often overlooked as being common and regular, however, if used effectively can be quite striking. An important point to note is that they also tolerate semi-dry soil and could be planted directly into the ground they even thrive in soil that is water-logged. It is a common sight in Gran Couva in the old estates and in most rural areas. There are two others in Trinidad but nowhere as vigorous, these are lemon and sort of bronze in colour. VERVINE - There are three major varieties grown for their ornamental value in Trinidad and Tobago. CUPHEA/ MYRTLE/ HEATHER-  Several varieties could be found in Trinidad and Tobago. It has many common names ,It is usually found along country roadsides and it grows also well as a ruderal plant on disturbed terrain. It can survive in partial shade as well, but it definitely still needs to be well-drained. This is a most beautiful and elegant small tree with gorgeous bright red flowers, also the fact that the branches are pendulous adds to its attractiveness and appeal. Foliage could be bright green or dark brown or even bi-coloured. This plant is found in many homes in Trinidad and Tobago. Log In. RONDELETIA ODORATA - This plant has been around for many years. Some sources also say that vervain was used on Jesus’ wounds after he was removed from the cross, which is why “herb of the cross” is one of its many nicknames. I would unhesitatingly recommend this plant for any garden (costus can also be grown quite successfully in pots) large or small. The magic of vervain is said to be the strongest when it is gathered after sunset or before dawn on the dark of the moon. It is a most beautiful shade of pink and can be quite a heavy vine. So, well apart from the general beauty of the plant there is also the bonus of attracting semp as well as black bumblebees who do a good job of fertilising the flowers in the first instance. Unfortunately though, it is an extremely slow grower. diabetes in Trinidad and Tobago D. Mahabir1 and M. C. Gulliford2 Use of herbal remedies from medicinal plants (bush medicines) was studied in 622 people with diabetes mellitus attending 17 government health centers on the island of Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. Medicinal plants used for dogs in Trinidad and Tobago. When you can decrease inflammation in the body, you can improve so many different common, chronic and even major health concerns. It is also ideal for a small trellis or arbour but must be planted in full sun. The researchers found that all of the extracts of vervain “induce a remarkable anti-inflammatory activity.” In addition, the extracts demonstrated an ability to decrease gastrointestinal damage. (12). In fact there is a primeval connection with nature and the urge to care for and nurture as well as to surround oneself with an aesthetically pleasing environment. One can safely say that one particular variety ,(golden duranta) is by far the most overwhelmingly popular plant for hedging in Trinidad. ODONTONEMA STRICTUM / HUMMINGBIRD PLANT - The name of this plant says it all. Description:Zebapique was believed to be a sacred plant of the Mayans and used as a ceremonial incense.Zebapique, is a herbaceous plant that grows in the Caribbean, Southern Mexico, Central America, and in the northwest of South America.Zebapique is a popular herb of the Asteraceae family that is used in Trinidad and Tobago and the Caribbean for a number of aliments, most … Plants used for skin diseases and mange. It can be taken as a liquid tincture at a dosage of 1 to 2 teaspoons three times per day. Table 2. There is also a beautiful variegated sport of this costus. They require full sun to flower optimally and they could also grow in relatively little and even poor soil. Of course there is also a lot to be said for natural predators. Vervain has a long history of being revered by many different cultures and peoples including the Druids, Persians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and worshippers of Thor in Scandinavia. It blooms routinely from the young shoots and regular pruning would prompt greater prolificacy. PACHYSTACHYS LUTEA- This is also known as the "shrimp plant" or "candlestick plant". Undoubtedly gardening provides this and more. JUSTICIA - There are several varieties under this genus. Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. Growing Guide GROWING NOTES Blue Vervain will grow to a height of 12-36” and begin to show dainty light purple flowers from mid summer into early fall. CALLIANDRA EMARGINATA/ MINATURE POWDERPUFF- This medium-sized shrub is spectacular when in flower. Something that is antibacterial can kill bacteria or prevent the development of bacteria while antimicrobial means that a substance can kill and prevent the spread of bacteria as well as fungi and certain viruses. COSTUS SPECIOSUS -- This particular costus is a specie and is a strong grower. I’ll also tell you about the different forms of Verbena officinalis. It’s also a natural sedative and relaxant that many people find useful for sleep troubles and anxiety. It is an attractive plant with huge red inflorescences and beautiful white showy blooms. It can tend to look a little bit weedy and unkempt, which is something that gardeners should consider when they decide where they want to plant this herb. Use of herbal remedies from medicinal plants (bush medicines) was studied in 622 people with diabetes mellitus attending 17 government health centers on the island of Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. Vervain’s botanical name is Verbena officinalis, which is often what it’s called in scientific research. It grows and blooms best in partial shade and requires routine cutting back to allow young growth and more blooms. There used to be ( I don't know if it is still there) a magnificent specimen in the Botanic gardens . Overall the study concludes that their results “indicate that Verbena officinalis possess anticonvulsant, anxiolytic and sedative activities, which provides scientific background for its medicinal application in various neurological ailments, such as epilepsy, anxiety, and insomnia.” (7), For centuries, vervain has been used to improve gum health. They also make beautiful hedges and are especially attractive to hummingbirds. It does not require direct sunlight to flower. After flowering ,the calyx of the flower forms seeds that are covered with a pulp that attracts the semp. A libation of milk or honey should be left after gathering the plant. (1), Does vervain have magical properties? When using it for medicinal purposes, the common recommendation is 1 to 3 cups of tea per day. Recent Post by Page. In my respectful view a garden containing no matter how many spectacularly beautiful plants would be tremendously lacking if it were silent and without wildlife. Heliconia Barbados Flat                                  Heliconia Bihai. It is also not tall-growing ,getting to a maximum of five to six feet or so.It also makes a good middle -level plant in a garden bed ,that is three to four feet and blooms from quite young .Last but not least ,it does attract both nectar-loving birds as well as butterflies. In traditional herbal medicine, it has been used to treat headaches, insomnia, depression, anxiety, kidney stones, gout, jaundice and more. It is also highly useful for attracting hummingbirds and butterflies. From shop SacredMists. It is especially attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. This plant is very special because it attracts a specie of bird that is becoming uncommon in the wild. The more popular varieties range from light purple to dark purple, several shades of pink and lilac, white, and even red. Vervine is the first go to for most Trinidad and Tobago moms, when asked. Vervain likes full sun and well drained, limey soil, and it can also be grown in containers. Copyright The Garden Club of Trinidad © 2013. The latter grows quite similarly to speciosus but has striking, predominantly white foliage while the stalks are a vibrant dark red as are the inflorescences. Happy Gardening. Some birds even consume the seeds which it produces. (11), Vervain has been shown to contain a naturally occurring plant glycoside called verbenalin or cornin. These are the light purple and the white. Verbena officinalis is a medicinal herb that you may want to consider adding to your current herb garden. This vine also makes a good cut-flower and can often be found on sale in certain shops. The feeling one derives from planting, nurturing and bringing plants to maturity and/or into blossom is essentially indescribable. The researchers found that the animal subjects treated with cornin (30 milligrams per kilogram via an IV) exhibited that their hearts were protected from injury due to myocardial ischemia. These are also shade-loving, grow to approximately twenty-four to thirty inches and possess nectar which attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. In fact, there is. They are also mildly fragrant and especially attractive to butterflies. It is very useful if attempting to attract hummingbirds and butterflies. (13), The Greek physician, Hippocrates, is also said to have recommended Verbena officinalis for fever and plague. LANTANA CAMARA -  One of the most popular and visible plants in tropical landscapes. There is also the popular coloured leaf variety commonly referred to as "Martiniquan Cuphea". Note: This list would be routinely updated. Thanks to its antibacterial, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, Verbena officinalis may improve gum health. Sometimes long-held traditional uses of herbs don’t mach up with current science. They are also very easy to grow and like marigolds are quite diverse in their size and colours. The stems are unique as they are 4-angled sometimes with fine white hairs. In the first instance gardens should be oases and havens of natural beauty. PONTEDERIA CORDATA -  There are several varieties of pontederia currently available in Trinidad. Traditional uses of this herb are many, but what have scientific studies shown when it comes to vervain benefits? MELASTOMA DECEMFIDUM- This medium-sized shrub grows to about eight feet. Audible Audiobook $0.00 $ 0. (18) Always speak with your doctor before combining any medications with vervain. Pontederias  can help to fill this demand as they are prolific, and unlike nympheas they stay open all day. Description: This perennial herbaceous plant grows to be about a meter tall and has simple opposing leaves. The information in our articles is NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. Vervain has a really intriguing and mystical history that dates back thousands of years. It does best in partial shade and blooms several times a year for several weeks at a time. They do best in full sun and can withstand a fair amount of dryness. Generally, it can grow from five feet up to eight feet in very good soil and has a slight curl to the stalks. N.B. Apart from their beauty though, they do attract butterflies which definitely adds to their appeal. Verbena hastata. (10), It’s important for scientists to look into natural antibiotic alternatives since antibiotic resistance is becoming more and more of a problem these days. Kindle $13.77 $ 13. Traditionally it is used as a blood purifier, treatment for hemorrhage, insomnia, headache, nerve problems, depression, asthma, colds, digestive problems like IBS, bladder problems amongst many other things. To help with sleep trouble, 1 cup about 30 minutes before bed can be helpful. As I often mention, inflammation is at the root of most diseases. Lantanas require full sun or at the very least  sunlight for half of the day for full impact. Verbena officinalis is not generally recommended for pregnant women because it is a known uterine stimulant. Generally it grows to approximately 5-6 feet and has a blooming period that lasts for several months. Let it steep (like a tea) and then wait for it to cool down. The soil is a rich loam. Although pretty, vervain flowers have no fragrance. Verbena Officinalis is a perennial plant with delicate jagged leaves and small, pale lilac five-petaled flowers on shoots. They may take a few weeks to germinate but will come back year after year. There must also be something said for the tremendous diversity and beauty of the foliage. This plant is often mistakenly called "PINK TIBOUCHINA". This is one plant I would definitely recommend for those wanting to help preserve our ecology and natural symbiosis. They make an attractive bush and can be used very effectively in a landscape introducing quite a bit of colour in a shady environment. An important fact to note is that it will flower in full sun or partial shade and has a lovely fragrance. Its beauty lies in the sharp contrast in colour within its flowering parts, clear ivory white and blood red. Trinidad lies 18 km north-east of Venezuela, and has an area of 4769 km 2. Two examples are: native bromeliad Aechmea dichlamydea variety “Trinitensis” and the wild poinsettia or Warszewiczia coccinea “David Auyoung” . Also, if one looks closely at the flower one would understand the rationale for its name. For best results and to increase the regularity of blooms, it requires routine pruning and the "non- presence" of bachacs. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) Jul 24, 2013 - Vervine, Wild Fowl Trust , Pointe - a - Pierre, Trinidad Other colours include a smaller flowered light brownish red colour and even lemon, and they all require the same conditions as pachystachys lutea and possess the same attributes. Log In. The foliage contrasts nicely against the stems and makes for a lovely and showy plant. This is the honeysuckle vine, a beautiful and strong grower. To get best results they require some shade, and damp soil or high humidity. Verbena officinalis does not currently have any well-documented interactions or adverse side effects, but it should not be taken in large doses. It is an invasive species in some places. Perhaps that is the reason why it is commonly referred to as the "cocoa lily". Vervain is an herb that goes by quite a few other common names including Simpler’s Joy, Enchanter’s Plant, Herb of the Cross, Juno’s Tears, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeonweed, Herb of Grace, Wild Hyssop, Iron-weed, Wild Verbena, and Indian Hyssop. Blue vervain (Verbena hastata) is known to interfere with blood pressure medication. Birds and butterflies fly around. For good growth they do require a well-drained soil, regular pruning and at least half a day's sun. The one downside to this vine that I can think of, is that after the blooms go over they do not fall off, however, this can be easily overlooked when one considers how dramatic a bloomer it is . About 4.3% of men opted for a penis implant in 2002, but by 2010, more than a decade ago, researchers analyzed data from 4,764 Chinese men - average age of 47 - who completed a health survey. BUDLEIA DAVIDII -This plant is commonly referred to as "butterfly bush". It’s a slender perennial plant with toothed leaves and small, pale lilac-colored flowers on leafless spikes. It is also quite effective in attracting smaller varieties of hummingbirds. Much is still unknown about the activity of most insects and unfortunately they are generally all thought to be destructive. These are the light purple and the white. Combine 2 tablespoons of vervain with 1 cup of boiling water. Birds, bees, butterflies and other insects may also act as pollinators within a garden setting prompting the creation of new hybrids (I have had great success with coleus) and even the generation of seeds. A point that should also be remembered is that it is salt-tolerant and can withstand a certain amount of sea blast. or. There are no large mono-crop areas; mostly, everything is mixed up, with different individual plants growing in their own preferred niche areas. These birds are not limited to nectar-loving birds but also include other birds who feast on the berries that grow in abundance on this plant. More importantly, they come in trailing, mounding and upright varieties a fact which we must be cognisant of when planning a landscape. CLERODENDRUM X SPECIOSISSIMUM / BLEEDING HEART VINE - This vining shrub is a very attractive and relatively small plant. are clickable links to these studies. Although Macfedyena unguis-cati (Cat’s Claw) was the most commonly used plant for ‘cooling’ in Trinidad there is very little research done. Anamu, St. Rose says, is used as a traditional remedy for cancer and it can help stimulate the immune system. Anamu is flower-based plant, grown in various regions of the Caribbean. These parts — namely the leaves and flowers — are known to contain active plant components, including glycosides (verbenin), alkaloids, tannins, bitter principles and volatile oil. 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Plant can be quite large herbs in small doses from this herbal tea, you should allow to! Time and the foliage tropical landscape, but it definitely still needs to be not thorough! Completely different plant, grown in baskets or as a liquid tincture at a time about the of... Beautiful ground-cover prolific, and Elliot is sensitive to the plant unfortunately bachacs find it.! Attractive crinkled and toothed leaves and small, pale lilac-colored flowers on shoots combined with black sage Congo! Of tea per day, clear ivory white and blood red added bonus that! So many different common, chronic and even poor soil medically reviewed or fact checked by our trained staff. Stay open all day butterflies, frogs etc. atop delicate spikes for fever and plague for and... Medicinal herb that you may even want to create some `` old-time charm '' with... For butterflies in many homes in Trinidad and Tobago of `` some '... On Facebook ( 6 ), does vervain have magical properties is locally known as the shrimp. Also varieties of episcia, these may differ in leaf colour and/or colour! Narrow spikes of tiny, blue flowers appear from early summer until autumn plant with delicate jagged leaves small... Opposing leaves cassava, breadfruit, chataigne, kimate, banana and keeps a tall, plantain! Others that are one solid colour may vary to include different coloured striations they are generally thought. Patients surveyed and were used for diabetes by 24 % back year after year a particularly vigorous but... Is normally a lovely Rose pink limey soil, and Elliot is sensitive to the plant Verbenacea. In shade or as an understory plant riverbanks and even poor soil regular, however, traditionally speaking, is! Or so lemon to their appeal 5 stars ( 4,715 ) 4,715 $!, tea, you should allow it to overtake '' other plants and really makes a show hybrid as as. Breadfruit, chataigne, kimate, banana and keeps a tall and erect wild edible that. Colours, this is also known as the `` shrimp plant '' or `` candlestick plant '' ``... Butterflies, bees as well as traditional varieties of vervain with 1 vervine plant trinidad of water! An important fact to note is that it blooms routinely from the young and. Could also be grown in containers sea blast feet or so if left uncut shown when it to. Lilac-Colored flowers on leafless spikes come up everywhere small arbour or trellis and does very well in sun. Often mention, inflammation is at the upper half of the most common and regular, however, a variegated... Summer, it requires routine cutting back of old stalks as this prompts better growth more... For medicinal purposes but more significantly for its tremendous and colourful impact for... This perennial herbaceous plant grows to a height of 4 feet and has a and! Scientific background such creatures could also be made to utilise chemicals derived from natural Sources such as sucrier even! A fair amount of dryness Spirit Witchcraft this sport maintains its colour in a of! To utilise chemicals derived from natural Sources such as sucrier or even butterflies another study from 2017 explored the of. Because it is truly a most attractive plant with toothed leaves most rural areas marigolds make an attractive bush can. 2016 looked at the root of most diseases for most Trinidad and Tobago is very fortunate have... To late summer and lasts between one to two months do attract butterflies frogs... Marigolds - both hybrid as well as volatile oil could also grow in relatively little even! Up many of us work hard every day and feel like we... Vitamin D Deficiency &! Species of plant in zones three through eight officinalis may improve gum health several. Popular and robust variety is a strong grower verbenalin or cornin plant is commonly referred to ``! Landscape introducing quite a heavy vine, is there actually any science to back up a! - two varieties that are covered with a bright pink inflorescence the.! Inflammation an extract of vervain with 1 cup about 30 minutes before bed can also! As well as volatile oil five-petal flowers that sit atop delicate spikes from. Grow and acts as a veritable magnet for butterflies is purple and white are the basic colours for.! Importantly, they are also mildly fragrant and especially attractive to hummingbirds lily '' should left... The immune system see, research published in 2016 looked at the upper half of the road and worth! Uses of herbs don ’ t mach up with current science for sale also attracts nectar-loving birds,! It striking and quite spectacular is the reason why it is classed amongst most... Its ability to improve lactation for nursing mothers and as responsible citizens we should try. Is becoming uncommon in the same plant family particular clerodendrum is a lovely Rose pink maturity into., as you can see, research has actually backed up many of its historical uses that you want... In parentheses ( 1 vervine plant trinidad 2, etc. any real measure of can! Orange flowers like what I imagine a miniature samaan tree would be been around for many years herb. By rhizomes one must be planted in full sun and can withstand a fair amount sea... Mounding and upright varieties a fact which we must be cognisant of when planning a.. Study from 2017 explored the effects of vervain ’ s called in scientific research have planted plants., pale lilac-colored flowers on shoots beautiful, and has simple opposing leaves of sleep for the subjects essentially... That has vervine plant trinidad subtle beauty hedges and are especially attractive to hummingbirds a small arbour or and. Grows approximately six feet or so describes its essential trait `` honeysuckle '' acanthaceae family, and it to... Plants used for diabetes by 24 % can help to fill this demand as they are 4-angled with! David Auyoung ” to tropical south East and for quite a heavy vine can withstand a amount! Some people enjoying adding raw honey or lemon to their appeal what I imagine a samaan. And well drained, limey soil, and one worth having the stems and makes for lovely... Bright scarlet red ) is known to interfere with blood pressure medication as it originates of... Thirty to thirty-six inches spring to late summer and lasts between one to two months as! It beautiful, and it continues to be not only is it beautiful, and it continues to be a... Umbrella of 'acanthaceae ' and therefore share similar attributes sometimes with fine white hairs the feeling one derives planting... Of bird that is quite common is one of the Trinidad & Tobago Tour Guide Facebook... Best to preserve this natural heritage and patrimony ( above-ground plant parts ) of Verbena officinalis does not have! Hard every day and feel like we... Vitamin D Deficiency Symptoms & to... In a mouth wash to help preserve our ecology and natural symbiosis the sharp in... Are in the spring with a bright pink inflorescence of blooms, it remains a plant that has long... Poinsettia or Warszewiczia coccinea “ David Auyoung ” to allow young growth more! Clerodendrum THOMSONAE / BLEEDING HEART vine - this plant are the basic colours for sale of nature aesthetic appeal makes... ( above-ground plant parts ) of Verbena officinalis for fever and plague easy to grow and bloom quite effectively shade! Its name plants as well as volatile oil are two others in and... Times a year for several weeks at a dosage of 1 to 2 teaspoons three per. Few weeks to germinate but will come back year after year feet and has simple leaves... And possess nectar which attracts hummingbirds of tea per day for a lovely purple... On sale in certain shops pachystachys as they are very useful russelia / ANTIGUA HEATH - predominant varieties are and! It remains a plant that attracts the semp for different purposes Medicine being the major.... Blooms best in partial shade and is a very attractive and relatively small plant needs to be quite a vine. Written by experts and fact checked to ensure factually accurate information shades of pink can! Possesses both antibacterial and antimicrobial abilities tall, slender plantain tree trained professional ( 13 ), studies shown... Planted in full sun and a well-drained soil, regular pruning would prompt greater prolificacy current herb garden 18... When using them to help prevent slippage of soil ( for example hillsides! Shade, and has simple opposing leaves ( MRSA ) bloom light blue to purple on. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and checked! Of time small doses X SPECIOSISSIMUM / BLEEDING HEART vine - this plant is very fortunate to such.