Polypropylene sheets are used for stationery folders and packaging and storage boxes. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is used to make milk jugs, margarine tubs and water pipes. Common products and applications that are made from thermoset plastics include construction equipment panels, electrical housings and components, insulators, cell tower tops, heat shields, circuit breakers, agricultural feeding troughs, motor components, and disc brake pistons. In medicine, it is used in bone cement and to replace eye lenses. Electrical components, billiard-ball coatings, etc. Much of it is used by the construction industry, such as for vinyl siding, drainpipes, gutters and roofing sheets. Advances in thermoset and thermoplastic technology are ongoing and there's definitely a place for both. Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) offers a myriad of physical property combinations and processing applications. Examples are Polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene, polybenzimidazole, acrylic, nylon and Teflon are examples of thermoplastics. This cycle of melting and freezing can be repeated, so that the plastic can be reshaped by heating it. Thermoset plastics are often used for sealed products due to their resistance to deformation. It is famous as a coating for non-stick cookware. Most thermoplastics have better fatigue properties than metals and will tolerate larger deflections than metals without deforming. This rigid opaque (grey) material offers a unique combination of mechanical properties, resistance to chemicals, wear, fatigue and creep as well as exceptionally high temperature resistance, up to 260°C (480°F). Collagen casings are produced commercially by extruding viscous, aqueous suspensions of acidified collagen (Osburn, 2002). Being chemically inert, it is used in making containers and pipes that come in contact with reactive chemicals. It is highly elastic, flexible and resistant to abrasion, impact and weather. Since they are also recyclable, TPEs are the ideal material for manufacturers in the modern world. The polymer belongs to polyketone family of polymers (PEK, PEEK, PEEKK, PEKK, … Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a tough, lightweight material that is resistant to acids and bases. Thermoplastic - definition, properties and examples of thermoplastic. Thermoset materials enhance chemical resistance, the heat resistance & the structural integrity, They can improve the material’s mechanical properties and the thermoset plastics are used for sealed products due to their resistance to deformation. For example, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a type of thermoplastic used to manufacture sports equipment, toys (i.e., LEGO® blocks), and various automobile parts. Polycarbonate is used to make: CDs and DVDs. Based on production and utilization of plastics in Japan, about 90% of the plastics are thermoplastics (a type of plastic that undergoes a reversible chemical reaction for its curing and melting at high temperature) used for containers and packaging materials (films, sheets, bottles), daily necessities, household appliances, and automobiles as presented in Table 2 and Figure 1 [ 10, 11 ]. These two have different properties and therefore the type of plastic used depends on the use and product. Thermoplastics  Most commonly used engineering thermoplastics as matrices  Nylon  Polycarbonate (PC)  Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)  Polypropylene (PP)  Stronger and stiffer but lower toughness  Have engineering as well as advanced applications 7. His articles have been published by "The World & I" magazine and the Institute of Human Virology, among others. These polymers can be used in many possible applications structural purposes such as wire and light duty utilities. The most common chemicals used to create granules are polypropylene, polyester, acrylics, nylons, spandex-type polyurethanes, cellulosics, polyethylene and polystyrene. In bulk form, nylon is used for mechanical parts, including machine screws, gear wheels and power tool casings. Toys (for example LEGO® blocks). Acrylic, a polymer called poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), is also known by trade names such as Lucite, Perspex and Plexiglas. Polystyrene copolymers are used in the manufacture of toys and product casings. Thermoplastic is the property of polymers in synthetic materials with which they becomes pliable and moldable on higher temperature and solidify on cooling . The formation of extruded films from other types of proteins has also been … Dinshaw Dadachanji has been a science editor and writer for more than 14 years. Thermosetting plastics are plastics do not soften on heating. Originally Answered: What are the uses of thermosetting plastics? Thermoplastic elastomers have a wide variety of uses in modern industry and commerce. It is also used as a lubricant to reduce wear from friction between sliding parts, such as gears, bearings and bushings. Thermoplastics have been around for a long time, but are a huge component of everyday life today. Construction of structural profiles, pipes, concrete rebars and lightweight structural and insulating panels, hemispherical or pyramidical domes. Most common are for composites - epoxy, unsaturated polyester resins (UPRs), etc. They are useful for a variety of applications, including consumer goods, machine parts, medical equipment and packaging and storage materials. It is extensively used to make signs, including lettering and logos. Each time a thermoplastic is heated, it tries to return to the shape it first was, usually a flat sheet. There are many types of thermoplastics, some of which are presented below. Thermoplastic has been used to create bullet proof vests. While each has its own set of pros and cons, what ultimately determines which material is best suited to any given application comes down to a number of factors that may include any or all of the following: strength, durability, flexibility, ease/expense of manufacture, and recyclability. Nylon, belonging to a class of polymers called polyamides, has served as a substitute for silk in products such as parachutes, flak vests and women's stockings. Used for: Based on the molecular weight and density of the polyethylene, it can be used in everything from moving machine parts, bearings, gears, articificial joints, bulletproof vests, margarine tubs, milk jugs, pipes, bottles, sacks and sheets. Thermoplastics – different types, comparison and uses Plastics fit into two categories – Thermoplastics and Thermosetting plastics. A Thermoplastic can be used for several things that require a certain temperature. Extruded polystyrene foam (XPS), known by the trade name Styrofoam, is used to make architectural models and drinking cups for heated beverages. It serves as a sturdy substitute for glass for such items as aquariums, motorcycle helmet visors, aircraft windows, viewing ports of submersibles, and lenses of exterior lights of automobiles. All Rights Reserved. Eyeglass lenses. Thermoplastic polymers can melt at specific temperatures and can be shaped and reshaped (through reheating) according to the mold. Acrylic paint consists of PMMA particles suspended in water. Reactive chemicals ( LDPE ) is a semi-crystalline, high-performance engineering thermoplastic All Rights Reserved they many... Human Virology, among others elastic, flexible and is used to make milk,... And solidify on cooling the temperature of a thermoplastic is the property of polymers in synthetic materials with which becomes! 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